Reliable electricity is key to lifting people out of poverty

Western environmentalists too often overlook the positive impacts that fossil fuels have on society, according to a new piece in the Wall Street Journal. The ability to generate affordable and reliable electricity is essential for industrialisation- which is the cornerstone of economic growth and development.

Today, around 80 percent of the world’s energy needs are met using hydrocarbons. The rapid growth in energy access, particularly in countries such as China and India, has been driven by the use of coal and gas.

Cheap energy helps power labour-saving and life-protecting technologies for the betterment of the world, such as air-conditioning, modern medicine, and transport.

Energy is vital for economic prosperity, with the science writer Ronald Bailey highlighting that it is in “rich democratic countries” that use their natural resources where “the air and water are becoming cleaner, forests are expanding, food is abundant, education is universal, and women’s rights respected.”

Dramatic increases in agricultural output has been driven by the use of fossil fuels. The availability of cheap energy ensures that a smaller proportion of the workforce can produce more food to feed a growing population. This explains why countries with poor electricity access continue to experience hunger and famine.

In contrast, alternative energy sources, such as wind and solar, are too unreliable to support heavy industry and manufacturing which provide well-paid and skilled manufacturing jobs.

According to Wall Street Journal, fossil fuels have had a net-positive effect on society- because it provides dependable and affordable energy access- allowing society to live healthier and more fulfilling lives.